Colosseum or Coliseum or Alclausam or the so-called runway Alflavi (Italian: Anfiteatro Flavio) is a Roman amphitheater giant is located in the center of Rome, was built to the east of the Roman Forum, due date of its construction to the era of the Romanian Empire in the first century, between 70 and 72 AD under the reign of Emperor Flavio Vespasian, was completed mainly in 80 under Titus, however, have been added to him some of the amendments in the era Dumitaan.tm build the largest amphitheater in the world of concrete and stones, it is inscribed as a larger work that built the Romanian Empire, where he is one of the greatest architectural and engineering Romanian business. The printed image of the Colosseum at five cents a piece from the Italian version.The Colosseum was named in honor of the runway Alflavi Alflavih dynasty emperors that this runway was set up, and he was later Colosseum ratio name to the huge statue of Nero which was located next to it. The arena is used in fighting gladiators and competitions such as the mass mock naval battles and hunting animals, executions, re-enacting famous battles and dramatic works that were based on classical mythology, with a capacity ranging between 50,000 to 80,000 people in the stands, consisting of eight rows. He sat in front of the sand near the emperor and senators arena, while he was sitting at the top of the lower classes of society. Open 100 days a ceremony lasted, where she participated Roman classes of people a whole in that event, and died during the ceremony, dozens of gladiators and beasts who have sacrificed their lives for the fun and entertainment of the people, has helped sailors in the tents that were pious onlookers strong sunlight.
Origin of the name:
Alflavi amphitheater in Pozzuoli.
The original Latin name of the Colosseum is Alflavi runway, which became the same name in English and was built by the dynasty emperors Alflavih who succeeded Nero. The name is still used in modern English, but it has become generally known as the Colosseum. In ancient times, the Romans made reference to the Colosseum as the unofficial He (Latin: Amphitheatrum Caesareum) any runway tsarist, but this name was carrying a lot of the background of poetry, where not only limited to the Colosseum; where Vespasian and Titus have carried the construction of the runway Alflavi in Pozzuoli.
Since the start of construction date and up to the present building over several developments in terms of usage and also the architectural form of the building which is manifested by the Romanian engineering that opened the way to build the road to the use of building materials that are still in use until now, it was believed that the arena was covered with a dome heavenly great. Building months and it is an example of Romania for theaters in this way, which is characterized by semi-circular or oval being Tmama.ozl building using for nearly 500 years in the areas of activities and festivals, singing, music, and games of deception and cheers and distribution of food and water, and recorded the last Games held in the sixth century, after traditional date who thinks the fall of the Western Empire in 476 Romania, where he was prevented Mnazlat Colosseum final. Since then the building has been used for a variety of purposes between the Christian church and cemetery for the dead. During the Middle Ages, the building suffered significant damage as a result of the earthquake led to the collapse of a large part of the outer wall. In the eighteenth century, the Catholic Church claimed that the early Christians in Rome had been tortured and killed inside the Colosseum arena, which gave the religious significance of the building contributed to keep it. At the present time, the Colosseum has become more monuments in Rome attractive for tourists, where the transformation from a symbol of death into a symbol and icon used by the proponents of the abolition of the death penalty in the world in their demonstrations and protests; also be converted lighting of the Colosseum from white to yellow through the implementation of any execution around the world.