Golden Gate Bridge
The Golden Gate Bridge, Golden Gate Bridge in English, literally the "bridge to the golden door", is a California suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate strait connecting San Francisco Bay to the Pacific Ocean . It thus connects the city of San Francisco, located at the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula, in the city of Sausalito, located at the southern tip of the peninsula of Marin County. Funded by the WPA, its construction, which has faced many difficulties began in 1933 and spanned a period of four years, ending in 1937.
The Golden Gate Bridge was until 1964 the longest suspension bridge in the world and is now the most famous landmark of San Francisco. It is also easily recognizable by its color "international orange (in)" and the architecture of its two towers. According to a classification of the American Society of Civil Engineers, this work of art is one of the wonders of the world.
Since the early twentieth century, specifically since the reconstruction following the 1906 earthquake, the city of San Francisco knew a certain prosperity, which made necessary the development of communication routes around the city, to expand opportunities trade and supply of it. San Francisco is built on the edge of the Pacific Ocean north of a peninsula, on a site surrounded on all sides by water: the Pacific Ocean to the west, a strait with a width of about 2 km north, the Golden Gate and San Francisco Bay to the east, the area of which is between 1040 and 4160 km2, depending on whether it includes or not the sub-bays, estuaries, swamps composed. The need to extend outside to the town links therefore involved the construction of bridges, at a time when road transport still growing rapidly. Also, north of the strait, the Marin County provided opportunities for significant urban expansion, given the many sectors habitable undeveloped and untapped resources.
Connections through bins existed to the north and east, before the construction of road bridges like the Golden Gate Bridge and the Bay Bridge that it is contemporary. However, they were still saturated and rendered the movement of goods very limited in comparison to what the construction of a road bridge would transport towards other California cities like Los Angeles or Oakland. The ferry liaised through the Golden Gate traveling between the Hyde Street Pier (Pier Hyde Street) at the foot of Van Ness Avenue in San Francisco and Sausalito in Marin County. But it was becoming increasingly necessary to build a bridge, the contractor Charles Crocker already envisaged in 1872.