Lincoln Memorial is said was built to honor the memory of US President Abraham Lincoln (1809 - 1865), between 1915 and 1921 against the Capitol building in Washington, capital of the United States of America. In this place of Martin Luther King's famous speech his phrase: "I have a dream - I Have a Dream" on August 28 / August 1963. The monument is located today under the responsibility of the (National Park Service - National Park Service). The monument is located next to the National Mall Park.
I took the design and construction of the Lincoln Memorial processes relatively long time because of the preoccupation with inhabitants and the First World War. The US Congress has established what became known as (the Lincoln Memorial Association Memorial Lincoln Monument Association), and then in 1867 to create the very edifice honors the late President Abraham Lincoln.
It was then marshy land is not locate the impacts which will be held by the monument until 1901, where he was selected on the ground in Washington, DC. Oversaw the project architect Henry Bacon, sculptor Daniel Chester French and mural painter Jules Garan, was used in the construction process of the Colorado Marble and limestone from Indiana.
The foundation stone of the monument on February 12, 1915 mode, was the inauguration on 30 May / May 1922 by the then US President Warren Harding in the presence of Robert Todd Lincoln, the only son of remaining alive at the time of Abraham Lincoln.
It takes the monument form of traditional Greek temple surrounded by thirty-six massive columns, which reaches one high ones to ten meters, symbolizing each column for a term of thirty-six state and which was the United States at the time of the death of President Lincoln, was without the mandate of the name at the top of each column either the names of the forty-eight states was recorded on the exterior walls.
Behind the statue of Abraham Lincoln, has written the following dedication:
IN THIS TEMPLE AS IN THE HEARTS OF THE PEOPLE FOR WHOM HE SAVED THE UNION THE MEMORY OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN IS ENSHRINED FOREVER