Mount Rahmorho memorial to draw four US presidents carved into the granite rising 60 feet (18 m). They are presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln(see the picture down). The mountain is located near Keystone, South Dakota America. Oversaw the works of sculpture Gutzon Berglm and his son Lincoln Burglm.Memorial covers 1,278.45 acres (5.17 square kilometers), is located at an altitude of 5725 feet (1745 meters) above sea level. The statue is visiting more than 2 million visitors each year.The idea of carving aspects of celebrity in the Black Hills region of the state of South Dakota historian Don Robinson, who proposed in order to encourage tourism in the region is due. The initial idea of Robinson to be carving needles area but refused Burglm needles site chose Mount Rushmore, the largest mountain region. Burglm also decided to be more of a national focus, and chose the four presidents who will be carving their images on the mountain.
After securing federal funding, construction work began in 1927, and completed its aspects presidents between 1934 and 1939. After the death of Burglm in March 1941, his son, Lincoln took over construction. Although the initial idea called that depicts every president from head to waist, but lack of funding forced to stop construction at the end of October 1941.National Park Service became responsible for the memorial in 1933, which is still under construction, and continues to run until this time.
Already known to the Lakota Sioux and six grandparents, was renamed the mountain after Charles E. Rushmore, a prominent lawyer in New York, during an expedition in 1885. At first, it has undertaken a project carving Rushmore to increase tourism in the Black Hills region of South Dakota. After extended negotiations for a delegation from Congress and President Calvin Coolidge, the project received the approval of Congress. Drilling began in 1927 and ended in 1941 with some injuries and deaths No.
The six-grandparents, the mountain was part of the road that Lakota leader Black Elk took in a spiritual journey that culminated in the summit of Harney. After a series of military campaigns 1876-1877, the United States asserted control over the area, a claim that is not disputed is still based on the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie (see "controversy" section below). Between the American white settlers, he was known as a different peak Cougar Mountain, Sugarloaf mountain, the mountain slaughterhouse, cliffs Keystone. And it was named Mount Rushmore during the exploration campaign by Rushmore, David Swanzey, and Bill Challis.
Historian Doane Robinson conceived the idea for Mount Rushmore in 1923 to promote tourism in the state of South Dakota. In 1924, Robinson persuaded sculptor Gutzon Borglum to travel to the Black Hills region to ensure that the carving could be achieved. Borglum participated in carving Confederate memorial, bas-relief memorial to a wide Confederate leaders on Stone Mountain in Georgia monument, but it was at odds with officials there. The original plan was to perform the carvings in granite pillars known as needles. However, he realized that the needles Borglum erosion too thin to support the sculpture. He chose Mount Rushmore, a grander location, partly because it faced southeast and enjoyed maximum exposure to sunlight. Borglum said upon seeing Mount Rushmore, "America will be March / March on the horizon. Authorized by Congress Mount Rushmore National Memorial Commission on March 3, 1925. College president insisted that along with Washington, the Republican and Democratic one and two to be photographed sculpted workers between October 4 1927, and October 31, 1941, and 400 Borglum Gutzon massive 60 feet (18 meters) carvings of US presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln to represent the first 150 years of American history. the selection of these presidents by Borglum because of their role in preserving the Republic and expanding its territory. portrait of Thomas Jefferson, was supposed to appear in the region against Washington, but after the work there began and, left was found on a rock is not appropriate, so it was the work of dynamite on the figure of Jefferson, he had carved a new character to Washington .
In 1933, he took over the National Park Service Mount Rushmore under its jurisdiction. Engineer Julian Spotts helped with the project by improving its infrastructure. For example, it tram upgraded so that it can reach the summit of Mount Rushmore for the ease of workers. July 4, 1934 before, it had completed the face of Washington and was dedicated. And dedicated the face of Thomas Jefferson in 1936, and the face of Abraham Lincoln was dedicated on September 17, 1937. In 1937, was introduced a bill in Congress to add the head of the Civil Rights Anthony leader Susan B., but issued a contestant on the project credits that require the use of federal funds law only for the completion of those warheads that have already been started in time, in 1939, it was dedicated to the face of Theodore Roosevelt.