The expiatory Temple of the Sagrada Familia (in catalan, Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família), known simply as the Sagrada Família, is a Catholic basilica in Barcelona (Spain), designed by the architect Antoni Gaudí. Begun in 1882, still is under construction (August of 2016). It is the masterpiece of Gaudi, and the leading exponent of Catalan modernist architecture. It is one of the most visited monuments in Spain, next to the Prado Museum and the Alhambra in Granada.The Holy family is a reflection of the artistic fullness of Gaudí: worked in it for most of his professional career, but especially in the last years of his career, where he became the culmination of its naturalistic style, making a synthesis of all the solutions and styles tested up to that time. Gaudí managed a perfect harmony in the interrelation between them elements structural and them ornamental, between plastic and aesthetic, between function and form, between content and continent, achieving the integration of all the arts in an all structured and logical.
Since 1915 Gaudí devoted himself almost in exclusive to the Sagrada Familia, which is the synthesis of all the architectural evolution of the brilliant architect. After the completion of the crypt and the apse, still in neo-Gothic style, the rest of the temple conceived it in an organic style, imitating the forms of nature, with abundant ruled geometrical forms. The interior should resemble a forest, with a set of tree columns, inclined, helical shape, creating a structure at the same time simple and resistant. Gaudí applied at Holy family all their findings previously experienced in works such as Park Güell and the crypt of the Colònia Güell, getting elaborate a temple structurally as well as harmonious and aesthetic perfcto.
The idea of building an expiatory temple dedicated to the Holy Family in new grounds of the Eixample was Josep Maria Bocabella bookseller, inspired by the priest Josep Manyanet - canonized in 2004-, founder of the Congregation of sons of the Sagrada Familia and religious congregations Congregation of missionary daughters of the Holy family of Nazareth, responsible for promoting the cult to the Sagrada Familia and encourage the Christian education of children and young people. For this purpose, Bocabella founded in 1866 the Association of devotees of San Jose, with the aim of raising funds, and for the construction of the temple, acquired in 1881 a whole block of the Eixample in a place known as El Poblet, near the Camp de L'arpa, in Sant Martí de Provençals, Marina, Provença, Mallorca and Sardenya streets. The solar 130 x 120 m, cost 172 000 pesetas of the time.
For the dissemination of its work, the Association of devotees published since 1867 a magazine, initially called the propagator of the devotion to Saint Joseph, directed by the mercedarian priest José María Rodríguez Bori; in 1948 went to call it Temple and, currently, Temple (in catalan). Since 1895 the management of the project was conducted by the Board construction company of the temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia, a foundation created canonical to promote the construction of the Temple through donations and public and private initiatives. Born President is the Archbishop of Barcelona, currently Juan José Omella. In 2001 the Board received the Creu de Sant Jordi Prize awarded by the Generalitat de Catalunya.