Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty (in English: Statue of Liberty) is a sculptural work of art has gifting France to the United States on October 28, 1886, as a souvenir, in order to foster closer friendship between the two countries on the occasion of the centenary of the American Revolution (1775-1783).
Since then settled statue located overlooking the New York Bay, New York, US to be greeted all visitors to the country, whether they are tourists or migrants. Designed by Frederic Bartholdi designed the structure, while the structural Gustave Eiffel.
It settles the statue on an island of freedom located in New York Bay; being located just 600 meters from Jersey City, New Jersey and 2.5 kilometers south-west of Manhattan, the total area of 49,000 square meters.
The official name of this statue is "" (in English: Liberty Enlightening the World), "which is a democracy or free liberal thought Liberal Thought" and symbolizes the lady was liberated from tyranny-that was thrown at one of her feet restrictions. This lady stuck in her right hand a torch to symbolize freedom, while carrying in her left hand a book inscribed with letters and Roman phrase "July 4, 1776," the date of the American Declaration of Independence, and the foremost She wears a crown composed of 7 spears represent rays symbolize the seven seas or the seven continents in the world.
The statue is based on a concrete base-granite has a width of 47 meters (154 feet) and a length of the foot to the top of the torch 46 meters (151 feet), while the total length to al-Qaeda 93 meters (305 feet). It consists of copper plates with a thickness of 2.5 mm (0.01 inch) installed to the iron structure, and weighs a total of 125 tons.
It surrounds the statue as a whole wall with the astral form (star of 10 heads), was built in 1812 as part of Fort Wood (English: Fort Wood) and which has been used for the defense of New York City during the American Civil War (1861-1865).