The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro is one of the largest Catholic religious buildings in the world. His appearance recalls that of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. Located in Yamoussoukro, capital of Côte d'Ivoire, its location was chosen by the country's first president, Felix Houphouet-Boigny in 1983. The Guinness Book of Records recognized in 1989 as the largest Christian religious building in the world. The basilica is still a strong place of the Catholic faith in Africa.
The Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro was built on the plans of architects Pierre Fakhoury and Patrick Hauthuille chosen by President Felix Houphouet-Boigny, February 4, 1986, following a competition organized in the period from the end of 1984 than at the beginning of 1986. the basilica was conducted by 24 national and international companies between 1986 and 1989. This is the Eiffel Metal Construction company which achieved the greatest dome ever built. 1500 African workers participated in the construction site, under the supervision of Antoine Cesareo, director of public works of the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire.
It is built in Yamoussoukro, political and administrative capital of Côte d'Ivoire. Pope John Paul II consecrated the basilica on September 10, 1990. As a condition, he laid the cornerstone of a hospital building near the basilica. This hospital, called St. Joseph Moscati, under construction since August 24, 2009, comes in January 2014.
The first stone of the building was laid August 10, 1985 and blessed by Pope John Paul II. The basilica is built on a hundred and thirty hectares area, with a volume of earthworks of 800,000 cbm. The foundations consist of 156 bored piles with bentonite of 1.10 m in diameter and thirty meters average depth.
The esplanade elliptical-shaped open and welcoming arms, covers an area of 30 000 m², surrounded by 128 columns of 21 m height and 2.20 m in diameter. The major axis is 275 m against 60 m for the minor axis, floor at 23.90 m. The floor is of prestressed concrete of 8800 m2 and 56 m span at 32.90 level. The pediment is 8 m to 34.60 level. The gleaming floors of the basilica are marble imported from Italy, Spain and Portugal, at a rate of 700 000 m². The underside is staff.