The Statue of Motherland
The Statue of Motherland (Russian: Родина-мать зовёт !, literally, "The Call of the Motherland" or "! The Motherland calls"), is a gigantic statue erected on the Mamayev Kurgan in Volgograd (formerly Stalingrad), which was, during the battle of Stalingrad, the challenge of fierce and decisive battles for the fall of the Third Reich in Europe.
It keeps the country (then the USSR), and with his sword pointing to the sky, defying all who dare to attack his children. This monumental work was created in the socialist realist style by sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich (1908-1974), who was rewarded for this achievement by the medal of Hero of Socialist Labor, at its completion in 1967.
This statue is a contemporary interpretation of the ancient Victory or Nike. The construction of the monument, by sculptor Yevgeny Vuchetich and engineer Nikolai Nikitin (ru), on a project by architect Yakov Bielopolski, began in 1959 and was completed in 1967. Important restorations were completed in 1972 and in 1986.
The statue is 85 meters high; it consists of 5500 tonnes of concrete and 2400 tons of metal. The sword measures 33 m and weighs 14 tons, while the suspended part of the shawl (in cantilever) weighs 250 tonnes.
The concrete thickness of the statue does not exceed 25 cm to 30 cm. The rigidity of the whole is ensured by a complex structure of internal cables taut. The sword was originally stainless steel and titanium sheets, but its wind resistance caused concern, and it was replaced in 1972 by a fluorinated steel structure [suspicious information].
At the time of his inauguration on 15 October 1967, it is the tallest statue in the world without base. With stand, then it is second behind the Statue of Liberty (United States).
Another Soviet military monument, the monument to the defenders of the Soviet Arctic during the Great Patriotic War, located in Murmansk, meanwhile measure 35.5 meters.
Approximate heights of various notable statues:
1. Spring Temple Buddha 153 m (incl. 25 m pedestal and 20 m throne)
2. Statue of Liberty 93 m (incl. 47 m pedestal)
3. The Motherland Calls 91 m (excl. pedestal)
4. Christ the Redeemer 38 m (incl. 8 m pedestal)
5. Statue of David 5.17 m (excl. 2.5 m pedestal)