Hagia Sophia was the former Cathedral before it turns into a mosque and then into a religious museum in 1923, is located in Istanbul Petrkia.o is one of the most striking examples of Byzantine and Ottoman architecture decoration.
Emperor Justinian began to build this church in 532 AD, and it took about five years building where he was officially opened in 537 AD, Justinien did not want to build a church on the familiar style of his time, but he always tends to new innovation. Vaclav architects «Aasodor Almellisa» and «Ontameos Turalina» to build this edifice religious huge, both from Asia Minor This is a clear indication of the progress of Darcy construction in Asia Minor during the reign of Justinian, so there is no reason to call the engineers of Rome for the establishment of Byzantine buildings .
Hagia Sophia is a building of art and architecture is unique, he said, It is located in Istanbul's Sultanahmet district near the Sultanahmet Mosque.
It was the Hagia Sophia building over 916 in Cathedral for a period of 481 years and a mosque since 1935 has become a museum, one of the most important architectural masterpieces in the history of the Middle East. The Hagia Church Sophia was built on the ruins of the Church of the oldest established by Emperor Constantine the Great and ended in 360 during the reign of Emperor Constantius II and was named in the starting Megali Oklicia any (big church) then was called after the fifth century Hagia Sophia (ie place of the Holy Wisdom), this Matnih naming Hagia Sofia. The construction is planned cathedral a wooden ceiling was the Hagia Sophia Church of the first building, which burned in one of the rebel movements did not keep anything from it, making the Emperor Theodoros II is built Thanita and will be opened for worship in 415 AD.
It is known that the Hagia Sophia, the second building was also built cathedral and stone walls and a wooden roof outline, have been discovered some remnants of this construction in the excavations carried out by Professor O.m.snyder in 1936 where he found the remains of the entrance stairway and stone facade, columns and column capitals and bases of columns and embellishments and cornices which is found today in the Hagia Sophia and the bottom of the garden entrance. As the Hagia Sophia second castle was not better than its predecessor as it burned completely during the rebellion that sparked the first caught in the field of Hagia Sophia in 532 AD movement.
The attention directed towards the beauty of the building and decoration of a large degree of insider took advantage of Justinian collection capabilities empire to decorate and decorate the building Much of the walls covered with sheets of marble types of multiple colors, and ceilings decorated with carvings of Fresco and mosaics, even though most of the landscape has been covered in the era of the Ottoman Empire layers plaster and painted it geometric motifs and calligraphy, but many of these classes fell and appeared ancient landscape beneath it.